Physiotherapy helps prevent disability and injury, manages chronic as well as acute health conditions, manages and betters physical performance of the patient, provides rehabilitation from the injury and educates patients on how to prevent any further recurrence.
Physiotherapy can help a patient of any age to manage further pain and prevent subsequent injuries or diseases.
It adopts a more holistic approach to a patient’s treatment process by taking into consideration his/her lifestyle and other dimensions of their lives.
A physiotherapist may employ a variety of techniques, determined by the nature of the injury sustained and the particular problem that is being treated.
The commonest of them are:
- Manual manipulation: Moving the soft tissues and the joints for better circulation, flushes excess fluids from the body and relaxes overtly tight muscles and spasms.
- Electrical stimulation of the nerves: Delivering electric currents in controlled intensity to the affected part helps to contain the pain signals, thus preventing them from reaching the brain.
- Acupuncture: This is a great way of stimulating the Central Nervous System while dulling the pain and relaxing tight muscles.
- Acupressure: applying pressure at certain points to stimulate the Central Nervous System while dulling the pain and relaxing tight muscles
Demonstration: Teaching and demonstrating proper movement patterns to the patient help them to recuperate on their own.
Functional testing: This involves examining the patient with regards to their physical movements to better assess his/her condition.